Know where the term "rifle" originated? Test your knowledge of rifles.start quiz
Question 2 of 11
Where does the term “rifle” originate?
... “Rifling” refers to cutting spiraled grooves on the inside of the barrel to give the projectile spin, thereby improving its accuracy and range. A rifle was originally known as a “rifled gun.”
Question 3 of 11
What part of the rifle braces against the shoulder when firing?
... Also called “the butt” (which technically only refers to the rear portion of the stock), stocks can either be fixed or folding. The term “stock” comes from the German word stoc, meaning tree trunk, which refers to the wooden nature of early gunstocks.
Question 4 of 11
Muskets and rifles are the same weapon, just with a different name.
... Musket barrels are smoothbore, i.e., not grooved, so they are not rifles.
Question 5 of 11
How does a “carbine” version of a rifle differ from the standard version?
... Carbines were originally issued to cavalry troops, since a shorter rifle was easier to shoot while on horseback. They remain popular with soldiers around the world today because they are easy to carry — though diminished range and accuracy are trade-offs for a carbine's smaller size.
Question 6 of 11
The first rifles were muzzle-loaded, like muskets.
... This design proved ineffective, since it was difficult to push a bullet through a grooved rifle barrel. This led to breech-loaded (at the rear of the barrel) rifles, and eventually to magazine-fed models.
Question 7 of 11
What was the first semiautomatic rifle?
... The M1 Garand officially replaced the 1903 Springfield as the standard service rifle of the U.S. military in 1936. It fired 16-24 rounds per minute from an eight-round magazine, and was in service until the mid-1960s.
Question 8 of 11
What was the first assault rifle?
... Developed by Nazi Germany and first deployed in 1944, the “storm rifle” fired 500-600 rounds per minute. It was a revolutionary weapon that would have tremendous impact on future small-arms development, but it came too late to change the tide of the war.
Question 9 of 11
What is the current standard service rifle of the U.S. Army?
... The M16 entered Army service in 1964, and has been the U.S. Army’s primary infantry service rifle ever since. Since the mid-1960s, more than 8 million have been produced.
Question 10 of 11
All sniper rifles are bolt-action rifles.
... Sniper rifles can be either bolt-action or semiautomatic, depending on the sniper's needs and personal preference. The one characteristic common to all sniper rifles is the telescopic sight (magnified, with a larger lens), mounted to the top of the gun barrel.
Question 11 of 11
Civilian rifle design has significantly advanced over the past 100 years.
... Though civilian rifles today are made from more advanced materials like fiberglass and carbon fiber, their fundamental design is the same as infantry rifles from the early 1900s.